Prostatitis is a disease of the prostate gland. The prostate is the male reproductive gland that surrounds the urethra and produces the fluid that carries sperm. There are various forms of Prostatitis that cause pain in the groin and difficultly urinating. Prostatitis is divided into four categories.
Types of Prostatitis
- Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
- Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
- Chronic Prostatitis
- Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis
Symptoms of Prostatitis will vary based on the type of Prostatitis you are diagnosed with. However, several of the following symptoms are generally present. In the instance of Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis, however, no symptoms are present and inflammation of the prostate is discovered by chance during other testing.
Symptoms of Prostatitis
- Pain while urinating
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty emptying the bladder
- Ongoing urge to urinate
- Pain in the abdomen
- Pain in the lower back
- Pain between the rectum and penis
- Discomfort in the testicles
- Painful ejaculations
- Pelvic pain
- Frequent urinary tract infections (seen in Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis)
- High Fever (generally associated with Bacterial Prostatitis)
Diagnosing Prostatitis involves your doctor ruling out other possible conditions and determining exactly what kind of Prostatitis you are experiencing. Diagnosis Prostatitis includes a general exam and may include urine and semen testing, a rectal exam, a urodynamic test of the bladder or a cystoscopy.
Treatments recommended for Prostatitis will depend on the type of disease you are determined to have.
Treatments of Prostatitis
- Antibiotics (used for Acute and Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis)
- Alpha blockers
- Pain relievers
- Soaking in a warm bath
- Sitting on a pillow
- Instructions to avoid alcohol and caffeine
- Instructions to avoid spicy food
Extreme cases that don't respond to medication or preventive measures can require surgery. You doctor will review your individual case history before making this determination.